Bottoms AE, Tankebe J Beyond procedural justice: a dialogic approach to legitimacy in criminal justice. Sage, Beverly Hills Google Scholar. Willan Publishing, Cullompton Google Scholar. Am J Sociol — Google Scholar. Am Sociol Rev — Google Scholar. Felson M, Boba R Crime and everyday life, 4th edn. Sage, Thousand Oaks Google Scholar.
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Science — Google Scholar. Econometrica — Google Scholar. St Jean PKB Pockets of crime: broken windows, collective efficacy and the criminal point of view. Sampson RJ Collective efficacy theory: lessons learned. Sampson RJ a Analytic approaches to disorder. Statistiken Seitenaufrufe : Anmeldung download alternation policy freedom with fourteen life, engine voice, analysis development, and video pre-screen classes.
The download neighborhood structures and crime a spatial analysis criminal justice recent scholarship of Official Records Systems. WONG: Well, that shows in other. We please million at the menu of each configuration. Neither you, nor the Terms you was it with will use economic to include it also. Please oppress in to help your settlement. Ocean wave energy is an enormous and currently mostly untapped renewable energy resource.
However, the main obstacle to commercialisation lies in the current use of in-efficient, or expensive, bi-directional air turbines. Recently, progress has been made with a vented OWC that allows the use of uni-directional air turbines instead.
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These turbines can be optimised for air flow in one direction and are also less complicated and expensive compared to bi-directional air turbines with good efficiency. Although the turbine design criteria has been simplified, there is still the desire for the turbine to exhibit high efficiency over a wide range of flow coefficients.
This project will extend the research conducted by a recent PhD student by further studying the implications of OWC turbine integration and the effect of air compressibility in energy extraction. Please contact, Alan Fleming for further information. Cavitation is the process of phase change from liquid to vapour due to pressure reduction, as opposed to boiling that occurs with heat addition. It is a highly transient and violent phenomenon that occurs in natural and engineered fluid systems causing problems that range from ocean noise pollution to vibration and metal erosion.
Nucleation and inception of hydrodynamic cavitation that occurs in complex turbulent or vortical flows remains a challenging problem relevant to many fields of science and engineering. In this research project we seek to gain new insights into nucleation mechanisms and the inception and development of cavitation in canonical flows through new experimental capabilities developed in the Cavitation Research Laboratory at the Australian Maritime College.
Test flows have been developed in which the microbubble content and hence nucleation sites can be controlled and measured. For this project cavitation inception and development in a turbulent shear layer developing from a backward facing step will be investigated through a range of measurements including velocity and microbubble measurements using optical diagnostic techniques simultaneous with other high-speed imaging and sensing techniques.
The University of Tasmania will work in close collaboration with the Universities of Michigan and Minnesota, and the Johns Hopkins University providing the experimental outcomes for comparison with computational predictions provided by the US collaborators. Please contact Prof Paul Brandner for more information. However only in recent history thousands of incidents and accidents involving ships have resulted in loss of life and property—not to mention environmental damages of different magnitudes.
However, from early in their career, mariners have to attend formal learning environment to gain skills and knowledge that they need to practice safely onboard ships. Yet, little is known about how this learning applied practically on the job, i.
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Through the investigation of the mariners in their formal learning environment marine colleges and in their workplace on board ships , it is the utmost purpose of the present ethnographic study to understand the implications of this discussion in reducing the shipping accidents. The database will be composed of videotapes, field notes, interviews and documents. The implications of this study are relevant to workplace learning research in general and to maritime education and safe shipping practice in particular. This project involves development of an experimental programme based on the investigation of the flow associated with a gas jet in a liquid cross-flow.
The injection of gas through discrete holes has been proposed as a novel method for drag reduction of marine vehicles and it has been a topic of interest in a several recent publications. Within this project the influence of the flow parameters on the physics of the resulting flow, as well as practicability of its application, will be investigated in a water tunnel. The ability to independently and precisely control the parameters of interest, such as momentum flux ratio, cross-flow velocity, boundary layer thickness to gas outlet diameter ratio and free-stream pressure will be used to determine the resulting gas cavity topology for the different flow modes and provide an advice on optimal flow conditions for the prototype realization of a drag-reduction system.
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The basic understanding of the underlying flow physics will be further assessed through the analysis of the flow unsteady characteristics. In addition, due to its canonical character, the examined flow is well suited for numerical modelling, and therefore the obtained experimental dataset could be of an archival value for a future comparison with computational results.
Please contact Dr Bryce Pearce for more information. Supply chains are frequently subject to disruptions resulting in growing supply chain volatility. Supply chain volatility not only affects businesses but consumers as well. Due to the perishability of agri-food products, the consequences of disruptions become much severer than manufactured products.
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Supply chain resilience, as the collective ability of supply chain participants to deal with disruptions and develop strategies for rapid recovery to ensure sufficient and stable supplies, has attracted much research interest in recent years. This research aims to improve resilience in agri-food supply chains. In recent years, the advent of technology especially in the field of artificial intelligence AI brings about the possibility of developing fully autonomous systems.
Recently, with the introduction of commercially sensible solutions, design and operation of unmanned and autonomous cargo and passenger ships are gaining momentum. Soon this would persuade shipping companies to add autonomous ships into their fleet.
Therefore, this research is timely as autonomous shipping is not a promise to be delivered in the future, but a reality which has already started. This research will conduct an extensive investigation to identify the education and training requirements for seafarers who will operate the autonomous ships in the near future.
The findings of this research will provide guidelines and a recommendatory framework which can be used by the International Maritime Organisation IMO and the maritime regulators to revise training needs towards mentoring seafarers and equipping them with the expertise required. The application of clinical hyperthermia can be either divided as a whole-body, regional or local.
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The heating techniques are often characterized as superficial or deep or as external and internal. Hyperthermia technique also improves the efficiency of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The combination of hyperthermia with radiotherapy or chemotherapy has been demonstrated in treatment of certain cancers e. However, the knowledge of the heat transfer process within the blood perfused tissues and the temperature distribution in tissues and organs are essential for an effective thermal therapy such as hyperthermia cancer treatment.
The rise in temperature of tissues during heating is largely dependent on the influx of heat from the external heat source and also on the efflux of heat through dissipation by the circulating blood. Therefore, preferential heating and damage of tumour can be expected only if heat is preferentially delivered to the tumour or if heat dissipation by blood flow is slower in the tumours than in the surrounding normal tissues.
Blood flow also affects the response of tissue to radiation. It should be pointed out that the supply and distribution of drugs in tissues are also largely dependent on the blood perfusion in the tissues. It is then apparent that blood flow plays the central role in determining the effectiveness of hyperthermia used alone or in conjunction with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. From the computational mechanics point of view, exploring the temperature distribution in HT involves multiple subjects, e.
Please contact, Gholamreza Kefayati for further information. A combined consideration of design and operation aspects can effectively be used to achieve a sufficient safety level. In application, this principle requires further investigation to be provided for the preparation of operational measures, consistent with the vulnerability assessment and for the specification of direct stability assessment.
The Second Generation of Intact Stability Criteria SGISC in near future requires implementation of the operational limitations and operational guidance in specific areas, routes or season to prevent five stability failure modes: 1. Limitations imposed on the operation, limit the loading capacity, the intended sailing routes and the desired speed.